Yes, the probe extends into the evaporator core but I’m 99.44% sure the sensor is accessible without splitting the air handler.
Here’s a picture from the passenger footwell of our ‘04 LE with basic AC after removing the inner kick panel. Hold the outer ring of the clip while turning the center counterclockwise with a Philips screwdriver. Once the head lifts the slightest bit, you can pull off the panel sending the clip flying.
The yellow and green wires go into a connector off screen then emerge as black wires in the blue sheath. They go into the evaporator housing through that u-shaped thingy that conveniently fits in a 10mm spanner/open wrench. The scuff marks are from the wrench slipping but it seems a counterclockwise turn releases the sensor. I’d have to see a replacement sensor to guess how it’s held.
‘04 LE FWD 198K miles